Publication de Nicole Delepine : Pitfalls of biopsy and consequences. A monocentric study of 610 patients treated by limb salvage

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Publié sur : IV Meeting of the international mediterranean society of orthopedic surgery - 2010
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Pitfalls of biopsy and consequences. A monocentric study of 610 patients treated by limb salvage
G. Delepine, F. Delepine, Nicole Delepine

Pitfalls of biopsy and consequences. A monocentric study of 610 patients treated by limb salvage


Introduction


Many reports attempt to identify the factors which may affect the prognosis in bone sarcoma.
We wanted to determine if the technique of biopsy and/or the initial management could be a prognostic factor of long term survival and long term local control.

Patients


610 patients (348 males and 262 females)
Aged 4 to 91 years
Bone sarcoma of limbs or girdle : central locations have been excluded
Treated and/or followed up by the same team between 1979 (availability of CT) and 2009.
Histology was, osteosarcoma (312), chondrosarcoma (143), Ewing (140), MFH or FS (11) and angiosarcoma (3).

317patients had the biopsy performed by the surgeon of the team
After local evaluation of the tumor and planning of future en bloc resection.
Pitfalls of biopsy and consequences


293 patients were referred after biopsy
The consequences of biopsy on modalities of treatment and on outcome were evaluated for every patient with a median follow up of 122 months.

Results


We observed sub optimal biopsy in 52 patients :
12 negative biopsies,
9 misdiagnosis,
2 intra peritoneal contaminations,
23 unadapted approaches and
12 osteosyntheses and/or prostheses inserted into the tumour.

12 negative biopsies
Biopsy of Necrotic tumors may be inconclusive.
Resulting in second biopsy and delay of treatment.
To avoid such situation, the carefull analysis of preoperative imaging to choose the most viable part of the tumor and the presence of pathologist near the operative room are very usefull.

Misdiagnosis
Pitfalls of biopsy and consequences


Unadapted approaches

Pitfalls of biopsy and consequences


Pitfalls of biopsy and consequences


Biopsy+curettage or Resection

Pitfalls of biopsy and consequences


Plates in the tumour.

Pitfalls of biopsy and consequences


Nails into the tumour.

Pitfalls of biopsy and consequences


Prostheses inserted through the tumour.

Pitfalls of iopsy and consequences


Intra peritoneal contaminations
Chondrosarcoma of right iliac bone presenting as abdominal tumor.
Transperitoneal biopsy.
Incurable contamination.
Pitfalls of iopsy and consequences


Resulting in much more difficult limb salvage
with loss of function and/or of life expectancy.
Pitfalls of iopsy and consequences

Pitfalls of iopsy and consequences


Consequences


These suboptimal biopsies were directly responsible for :
- 2 incurable diseases,
- 3 amputations,
- 9 unadapted surgical treatments,
- and 15 long delays in chemotherapy,
resulting in much more difficult limb salvage, with loss of function and/or of life expectancy.

The biopsy must be performed by surgeon trained for tumoral surgery
The risk of suboptimal biopsy is increased by 12 in referred patients (48/293 vs 4/317).
We did not observed any improvement during the different decennies.

Local Control
Pitfalls of iopsy and consequences


Survival
Pitfalls of iopsy and consequences


The Hazards of the biopsy. Revisited. Mankin H.J.J BJS 1996, 78A 5:656.
597 patients (21 institutions) 25 surgeons membres of M.S.T.S.
Sub optimal biopsy in 17.8% cases compelling to irradiate, or leading to more difficult, and more agressive surgery.
18 patients (3%) were amputated as a consequence of inadapted biopsy.
10.1% patients had compromized EFS expectancy.
Inadapted initial management is more frequent (2-12) when surgeon inexperimented in tumoral surgery.

Conclusion


Initial management by an specialized team is of crucial importance in results of limb salvage and long term survival of patients with localized sarcoma of the limb.
When the diagnosis of sarcoma can not be excluded on prebiopsy medical imaging, the patient should be referred, before biopsy, to team experimented in bone tumor oncology.





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