Publication de Nicole Delepine : Periosteal Ewing's sarcoma Report of six cases

Nicole delépine, le site officiel English Version Version Française
Accueil Site officiel ACCUEIL
Accueil du site officiel de Nicole Delepine
publication cancérologue réputé nicole delepine ostéosarcome
sarcome ewing publications du docteur nicole delepine
Publié sur : Publication Powerpoint Delepine - 2003
Voir la version PDF de cette publication : Document PDF
Periosteal Ewing's sarcoma Report of six cases
F. Delepine, G. Delepine, H. Cornille, Nicole Delepine

Periosteal Ewing's sarcoma Report of six cases


Introduction


Few cases of periosteal Ewing's sarcoma have been reported and the surgical implications of such a diagnosis have not been underlined.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the actual incidence
The consequence for surgical treatment.

Material


Our file of 148 patients treated for ewing's sarcoma of bone throughout 1982-2002 have been examined to see if they fit the diagnostic criteria and to evaluate the pronostic value and the therapeutic implications of it.

Definition of periostal Ewing's sarcoma


periostal ewing sarcoma


The reported cases fulfilled the diagnosis criteria defined by Bator :
- Ewing's sarcoma of bone histologically confirmed with a pure periosteal location without medullary extension.

Results


Out of 148 Ewing's sarcomas of bone of our file, only six (4 %) could be classified as PES.
All involved the femur in the diaphyseal (2) or metaphysodiaphyseal (4) locations.
According to Ennecking classification 2 tumors were graded II A and the 4 other II B.
Age of the patients ranged 11 to 19.
All patients were treated by resection after preoperative chemotherapy.
One was irradiated.

Case 1


periostal ewing sarcoma


CT scan showing diaphyseal thickening no medullary involvment no soft tissue extension.

Case 2


periostal ewing sarcoma


NMR showing a hemidiaphyseal tumor
CT scan without medullary invasion

Case 3


periostal ewing sarcoma


- NMR showing a soft tissue mass
- a remaining endocortical line
- no medullar tumor

Case 4


periostal ewing sarcoma


- NMR showing a small soft tissue mass
- no medullary tumor

Case 5


periostal ewing sarcoma


- NMR showing a soft tissue mass
- no medullary tumor

Case 6


periostal ewing sarcoma


- NMR showing a big soft tissue mass (10-8 cms)
- no medullary involvment

The two first patients were not recognized as PES : case 1


periostal ewing sarcoma


They were treated by wide resection interrupting the femoral continuity and skeletal reconstruction using massive prostheses.

The two first patients were not recognized as PES case 2


periostal ewing sarcoma


Both have still their prostheses but the orthopaedic evolution of both was complicated compelling to reoperate.
One of the patients suffered of acetabular wear and loosening (3R).
The second suffered of deep infection (6R).

The four other patients were diagnosed as PES before the biopsy case 3


periostal ewing sarcoma


Partial bone resection with definitive acrylic cementation.
- 6y follow up
- no reoperation
- excellent function

In case 4 the extension compelled us to interrupt the continuity of the diaphysis


periostal ewing sarcoma


Three reoperations were necessary to achieve bone healing.

The four other patients were diagnosed as PES before the biopsy Case 5


periostal ewing sarcoma


Cementation during chemotherapy.
Definitive reconstruction with allograft.
Excellent result.

The four other patients were diagnosed as PES before the biopsy Case 6


periostal ewing sarcoma


Wide resection plating.
Excellent result.

Oncologic results


With an average follow up of 9 years all 6 patients are even free survivors.

Comments


The prognosis of PES looks better than that of common Ewing's sarcoma even in case of big tumoral volume like cases 3, 5 and 6.
In the literature 28/30 (94%) patients with PES were DFS at last consultation the better prognosis of PES should prevent inclusion of patients in too heavy chemotherapy protocols.

surgical implications of periosteal location must be underlined : biopsy


periostal ewing sarcoma

When the diagnosis is pre biopsy suspected on CT and MRI, the biopsy should be confined to the cortical bone or the soft tissues without cortical perforation and medullar contamination.

The preferred treatment is partial resection without interruption of the bone continuity


periostal ewing sarcoma


Such a procedure permits much easier reconstruction without massive material.




publications médicales


sarcome d'ewing
nicole delepine cancer tumeur ostéosarcome
Facebook Tweeter Google+